NASA has chosen SpaceX, the Elon Musk Space Exploration Company, to develop the human landing (dubbed by NASA as Lunar Landers) of Artemis, our way back to the moons.
An Overview of Artemis
Advertised as ‘Humanity’s Return to the Moon,’ Artemis is a lunar exploration program of NASA that aims to land the first woman and first person of color. The primary objective would be to establish sustainable exploration for the first time and learn from the lunar atmosphere and surroundings to prepare for what NASA labels as ‘Giant Leap’ – Sending Astronauts to Mars.
Some of the equipment and systems for Artemis are:
- Exploration Ground Systems
- Space Launch System
- Lunar Landers
- Artemis Generation Spacesuits
NASA chooses SpaceX
SpaceX will develop the first commercial human lander to safely carry the next two American astronauts to the lunar surface.
The Plan goes like this – At first, four astronauts will fly aboard the Orion spacecraft for their journey to the lunar orbit. There, the two crew members will join with SpaceX Human Landing System to explore the lunar surface. Their exploration would continue for almost a week before returning to Orion.
The Deal is of $2.89 Billion, just to let you all know.
The HLS Starship
The Starship is built with the company’s Raptor engines and bears the flight heritage of the Falcon and Dragon vehicles. With a spacious cabin and two airlocks for astronaut moonwalks, the architecture is intended for becoming a fully reusable launch and landing system to explore on the surfaces of Moon, Mars, and so on.
The Artemis Program is nothing but just a mere preparation from the side of NASA. NASA mainly targets Mars, and for that, it needs more information and success with the native lunar satellite, hence the Artemis Mission. Now that SpaceX is involved, things could just rapid fire.